Computers & ProgrammingASPBackend Development

ASP Conditional Statements

Having the ability to perform different actions based on certain conditions is a critical component of any programming language. One of the ways that you can have your program execute code based on a decision is with conditional statements.

Conditional statements are the set of commands used to perform different actions based on different conditions. In ASP, we use VBScript code to implement several types of conditional statements. All of the conditional statements produce a similar result but may be used in different ways depending on the conditions that are being evaluated.

  • If Then
  • If Then…Else
  • If Then…ElseIf…Else
  • Select Case

HTML Sample

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>My Web Page</title>
</head>
<body>

<%
'ASP code block    
%>

</body>
</html>

If Then

The simplest technique that can be used is to validate whether a condition is TRUE. You can execute this using one line of VBScript code.

<%
If x > 1 Then Response.Write("x is greater than 1!")
%>

If you need to execute more than one line of VBScript code, then you write the additional lines of code under the IfThen Statement and terminate the block with an EndIf keyword.

<%
If x > 1 Then 
    'execute this block when x is greater than 1
    Response.Write("x is greater than 1!")
EndIf
%>

If Then…Else

If you want to execute a statement if a condition is TRUE and execute another statement if the condition is FALSE, you can use the Else keyword:

<%
If x > 1 Then 
    Response.Write("x is greater than 1!")
Else
    Response.Write("x is not greater than 1!")
EndIf
%>

If Then…ElseIf

The IfThenElseIf statements are used like the IfThenElse expression, except that you can run through multiple comparisons. In this scenario, the process will first examine Condition-1. If Condition-1 is TRUE, the script will execute the first block of code and exit the process. If Condition-1 is FALSE, the process will continue to examine Condition-2.

The same process continues. Whenever a condition is FALSE, the process will continue examining the conditions until it finds one that is TRUE or reaches the ELSE keyword. Once a TRUE condition has been found, its code is executed and the process exits. If none of the conditions are found as TRUE, the process will execute the code found in the ELSE block, if the ELSE keyword is included before the EndIf.

<%
If x > 1 Then
    Response.Write("x is greater than 1!")
ElseIf x < 1
    Response.Write("x is not greater than 1!")
EndIf
%>
<%
If x > 1 Then 
    Response.Write("x is greater than 1!")
ElseIf x < 1
    Response.Write("x is less than 1!")
Else
    Response.Write("I think x is 1!")
EndIf
%>

Select Case

The Select Case statements work in the same manner as If statements. You use the Select Case when you need to check for multiple values, not TRUE or FALSE. The Select Case statement allows a program to evaluate an expression and attempts to match the value of the expression to a specific Case.

If a match is found, the program executes the associated statement within that Case. If no match is found, the program looks for the optional Case Else clause. If it exists, it executes the code within the Case Else block. If no Case Else statement is found, the process exits and the program continues to execute the next statement following the End Select.

<%
dim d
d=weekday(date)
Select Case d
    Case 1
        Response.Write("Sunday")
    Case 2
        Response.Write("Monday")
    Case 3
        Response.Write("Tuesday")
    Case 4
        Response.Write("Wednesday")
    Case 5
        Response.Write("Thursday")
    Case 6
        Response.Write("Friday")
    Case Else
        Response.Write("Saturday")
End Select
%>

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