Enable IP Forwarding on Windows Server 200x

Friday, October 28, 2011

Normally, when you want to configure a Windows System for Routing/IP Forwarding, you would configure the Routing and Remote Access Service on a Windows Server Edition. However, there may some instances where you don’t need the all of the features of a router, but simply need to forward IP packets across two interfaces.

By default, TCP/IP forwarding is turned off (disabled) in Windows Server 200x (2000/2003/2003 R2/2008/2008 R2 at the time of this writing). This article describes how to enable TCP/IP forwarding on a Windows Server 200x-based computer.

Here is an example that you can reference:

Step 1: Define the IP scheme for the two segments
Segment 1 – 192.168.0.0/24
Segment 2 – 192.168.1.0/24
*** /24 is an alternate notation when representing the subnet mask of 255.255.255.0.

Step 2: Configure the Windows Server’s network adapters with IP addresses and other TCP/IP settings. For example, one adapter’s address may be configured to 192.168.0.254/24 while the second adapter may be configured to 192.168.1.254/24.

Step 3: Configure the computers on each segment to use the Server’s adapters as their default gateway address.

Step 4: Enable IP Forwarding on the Windows Server via the registry. Start the Registry Editor (Regedit.exe).

In Registry Editor, locate the following registry key


HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters
Value Name: IPEnableRouter
Set the following registry value:
Value Name: IPEnableRouter
Value type: REG_DWORD
Value Data: 1

A value of 1 enables TCP/IP forwarding for all network connections that are installed and used by this computer.


Step 5: Quit Registry Editor

Step 6: Restart the Windows Server.

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Recommended Books & Training Resources

Windows Server 2008 R2 Unleashed MCITP Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Administrator: Training Kit 4-Pack: Exams 70-640 70-642 70-643 70-647